- 1. What is a QILDRO?
- 2. When did the QILDRO legislation take effect?
- 3. What does the QILDRO legislation do?
- 4. Who is an alternate payee?
- 5. Is a spouse always entitled to a QILDRO?
- 6. What is the percentage of benefit due the member's spouse?
- 7. Is a QILDRO still needed if the dissolution papers award pension benefits to the ex-spouse?
- 8. What is a QILDRO Calculation Order?
- 9. When should a QILDRO Calculation Order (QCO) be submitted?
- 10. What benefits may be paid through a QILDRO?
- 11. What benefits are not payable through a QILDRO?
- 12. Will the alternate payee receive benefit increases?
- 13. What is the consent requirement?
- 14. Is there a fee to have SERS process my QILDRO?
- 15. What about Social Security numbers?
- 16. What about death benefits?
- 17. What about disability benefits?
- 18. What about health insurance benefits?
- 19. What about past or out-of-state divorces?
- 20. Does the alternate payee pay federal income tax on QILDRO payments?
- 21. Is a QDRO the same as a QILDRO?
- 22. May any court order be a QILDRO?
- 23. Will SERS draft a QILDRO for me?
- 24. May I draft my own QILDRO without the help of a lawyer?
- 25. What benefit information will SERS provide for divorce?
- 26. Will SERS figure the benefit attributable to the marital period only?
- 27. What other information is available from SERS for divorce?
- 28. When will the alternate payee start receiving QILDRO payments?
- 29. What if the alternate payee cannot be located?
- 30. What happens when the member dies?
- 31. What happens when the alternate payee dies?
- 32. What happens if a retired member re-enters active SERS membership?
- 33. What terminates a QILDRO?
- 34. May an alternate payee designate a beneficiary to receive QILDRO payments?
- 35. Can the parties change the payment amounts?
1. What is a QILDRO?
A QILDRO (Qualified Illinois Domestic Relations Order) is an Illinois court order that directs SERS to pay a designated portion of a SERS member's retirement benefit or certain refunds to an alternate payee.
2. When did the QILDRO legislation take effect?
The original QILDRO law took effect July 1, 1999. Significant changes took effect July 1, 2006.
3. What does the QILDRO legislation do?
The QILDRO law allows SERS to pay an alternate payee when a divorce court has ordered division of a SERS member's pension benefits.
4. Who is an alternate payee?
Typically the alternate payee is an ex-spouse or civil union partner, but may be a current spouse, child, or other dependent of the member. The court decides who is eligible to be an alternate payee.
5. Is a spouse always entitled to a QILDRO?
Under Illinois law, pension benefits accrued during a marriage are considered marital property. Often, a court will divide the marital portion of pension assets between the spouses. Depending on the circumstances, marital property could be allocated some other way. The divorcing couple should seek private legal advice about division of their pension assets.
6. What is the percentage of benefit due the member's spouse?
That is up to the court. The divorcing couple should seek private legal advice about division of their pension benefits.
7. Is a QILDRO still needed if the dissolution papers award pension benefits to the ex-spouse?
Yes. SERS cannot pay an ex-spouse based on any order or document other than a QILDRO.
8. What is a QILDRO Calculation Order?
A QILDRO Calculation Order (QCO) is an Illinois court order that tells SERS the amount of the benefit or refund to pay the alternate payee. The QCO is a separate court order from the QILDRO, and is only needed for a percentage QILDRO.
9. When should a QILDRO Calculation Order (QCO) be submitted?
The QCO may be submitted with the QILDRO, or later when the amount of the affected benefit or refund is known. This two-step process may be useful when divorce occurs before the member retires.
10. What benefits may be paid through a QILDRO?
There are four areas in the QILDRO form, any or all of which may be filled in: (1) monthly retirement benefit; (2) termination refund (or lump sum retirement benefit); (3) partial refund; and (4) lump-sum death benefit.
11. What benefits are not payable through a QILDRO?
Monthly survivor benefits, disability benefits, and health insurance cannot be reached through a QILDRO.
12. Will the alternate payee receive benefit increases?
That depends on how the QILDRO form is completed. The QILDRO form allows a choice whether or not the alternate payee will receive a proportionate share of any annual increases due the member.
13. What is the consent requirement?
The member's signed consent form must accompany the QILDRO if membership started before July 1, 1999. The consent form is available on this website along with the other QILDRO forms.
14. Is there a fee to have SERS process my QILDRO?
Yes. There is a $50.00 processing fee for the actual QILDRO order itself and an additional $50.00 fee for the QCO. If a QILDRO order and/or QCO is received and deemed invalid, an additional $50.00 fee is required each time new forms are submitted to SERS.
16. What about death benefits?
A QILDRO alternate payee may receive a share of any lump sum death benefit payable when the member dies. Monthly survivor benefits are never payable through a QILDRO.
17. What about disability benefits?
Disability benefits are not payable through a QILDRO.
18. What about health insurance benefits?
A QILDRO does not provide any insurance coverage or make an alternate payee eligible to participate in the member's insurance.
19. What about past or out-of-state divorces?
It may be possible to request an Illinois court to enter a QILDRO based on a past or out-of-state divorce. Please seek advice from your personal attorney.
20. Does the alternate payee pay federal income tax on QILDRO payments?
Yes, alternate payee will be issued their own 1099R for the payments that they receive, due to the fact that our member's gross benefit reduces by the amount the alternate payee is entitled to. Please seek personal tax advice.
21. Is a QDRO the same as a QILDRO?
No. SERS honors QILDROs, but not QDROs. QDROs apply to pensions governed by federal ERISA law. SERS is a governmental plan, not an ERISA plan.
22. May any court order be a QILDRO?
No. A specific form must be used. SERS-required QILDRO forms are available on this website.
23. Will SERS draft a QILDRO for me?
No. Helping to draft a court order would be giving legal advice, which SERS cannot do. The QILDRO forms and publication are available on this website. You and your attorney should carefully review this information.
24. May I draft my own QILDRO without the help of a lawyer?
Yes, however SERS recommends anyone interested in obtaining a QILDRO retain competent personal legal counsel.
25. What benefit information will SERS provide for divorce?
SERS provides a Benefit Information for Divorce statement to help the parties value the benefit for divorce purposes. This statement provides all information required by the QILDRO law. Benefit estimates prepared for other purposes should not be relied on for divorce.
26. Will SERS figure the benefit attributable to the marital period only?
No. As required by law, SERS provides information about the entire benefit. You may choose to engage financial professionals to prepare marital or present value calculations using benefit information provided by SERS.
27. What other information is available from SERS for divorce?
You and your attorney are urged to carefully review the QILDRO publication and other information on the SERS website. SERS does not testify in divorce proceedings or provide legal, financial, or other professional advice.
28. When will the alternate payee start receiving QILDRO payments?
A QILDRO takes effect with the first affected payment that occurs at least 30 days after SERS received it. Generally, expect about three months from the date SERS received the QILDRO, and Calculation Order if required, until the first QILDRO payment. Even with a QILDRO on file, nothing is payable until an affected benefit or refund is due the member.
29. What if the alternate payee cannot be located?
The alternate payee must keep SERS informed of a current address to receive QILDRO payments. SERS will not search for a missing alternate payee.
30. What happens when the member dies?
The QILDRO ends.
31. What happens when the alternate payee dies?
The QILDRO ends. If the alternate payee was receiving a monthly QILDRO payment, that amount will revert to the member.
32. What happens if a retired member re-enters active SERS membership?
QILDRO payments to the alternate payee will be suspended until the member re-retires and resumes receiving retirement benefits.
33. What terminates a QILDRO?
A QILDRO ends when the member or alternate payee dies. If the QILDRO specifies a fixed number of payments, it will end when all payments have been made. A QILDRO will also end when the member receives a refund that terminates participation in SERS, or when SERS receives a court order expressly terminating the QILDRO.
34. May an alternate payee designate a beneficiary to receive QILDRO payments?
No. A QILDRO ends when the alternate payee dies.
35. Can the parties change the payment amounts?
Yes, the member and alternate payee can voluntarily change the distribution of the member’s retirement benefits at any point prior to the member’s death. To complete that action, the parties must submit a modified QILDRO Calculation Order. The QILDRO Calculation Order form is derived from the governing statutes and distinguishes the “base annuity” from the “automatic annual increases.” If you submit a modified QILDRO Calculation Order, it is highly recommended that you also include a supplemental order that clearly distributes the amount of the base annuity and the amount attributable to the annual increases.
If you submit a modified QILDRO Calculation Order without including a supplemental order, the System will only change the division of the base annuity, and each payee’s monthly portion attributable to their previous annual increases will be added to their new portion of the base annuity. Future Automatic Annual Increases will be applied to each payee’s total monthly payment.